BSBOHS201A – Participate in OHS processes


This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and
knowledge required to participate in workplace occupational health and safety
(OHS) processes to protect workers own health and safety, and that of others.

licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this
unit at the time of endorsement

Pre Requisites



This unit applies to individuals who require a
fundamental knowledge of OHS to carry out their own work which may be in a
defined context under direct supervision or with some individual
responsibility. This unit has broad applicability across industries and
workplace contexts.

Performance Criteria

1. Work safely    
1.1. Follow established safety procedures when conducting work
1.2. Carry out pre-start systems and equipment checks in accordance with workplace procedures

2. Implement workplace safety requirements    
2.1. Identify designated persons for reporting queries and concerns about safety in the workplace
2.2. Identify existing and potential hazards in the workplace, report them to designated persons and record them in accordance with workplace procedures
2.3. Identify and implement workplace procedures and work instructions for controlling risks
2.4. Report emergency incidents and injuries to designated persons

3. Participate in OHS consultative processes    
3.1. Contribute to workplace meetings, inspections or other consultative activities
3.2. Raise OHS issues with designated persons in accordance with organisational procedures
3.3. Take actions to eliminate workplace hazards or to reduce risks

4. Follow safety procedures    
4.1. Identify and report emergency incidents
4.2. Follow organisational procedures for responding to emergency incidents

Required Skills & Knowledge

Required skills

  •     literacy skills to interpret safety signs, symbols and notices
  •     problem-solving skills to analyse options in an emergency situation.

Required knowledge

  •     responsibilities of employers and employees under relevant health and safety legislation
  •     emergency procedures including procedures for fires and accidents
  •     commonly used hazard signs and safety symbols.

Range Statement

Safety procedures may include:    

  •     completing required documentation
  •     local, state and federal legislation
  •     Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  •     National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines
  •     following OH&S guidelines relevant to workplace
  •     maintenance and use of cleaning apparatus in a work environment, such as;
  •     disposing of spilled substances, dangerous products, ‘sharps’ and waste correctly
  •     maintaining stocks of cleaning equipment (eg. disposable gloves, liquid repellent aprons, disinfectant)
  •     sterilising and/or disposing of cleaning equipment
  •     using appropriate cleaning equipment to clean spillages and breakages
  •     wearing protective clothing, protective eye wear when in contact with body fluids or chemicals that may splash
  •     using and storing toxic and hazardous materials correctly
  •     keeping workplace clean and tidy
  •     office practice manual
  •     displaying health and safety brochures, magazines and other material
  •     undergoing operator training when using new equipment or processes
  •     special guidelines in a medical setting:
  •     RACGP Code of Practice for the Management of Health Information in General Practice
  •     RACGP Entry Standards for General Practices
  •     RACGP Sterilisation/Disinfection guidelines for General Practice

Designated persons may include:    

  •     designated health and safety officers
  •     health and safety representatives
  •     supervisors
  •     managers
  •     team leaders
  •     other persons authorised or nominated by the enterprise or industry

Hazards may include anything which is a source of:    

  •     potential harm in terms of human injury or ill health
  •     damage to property
  •     damage to the environment
  •     potential harm in terms of human injury or ill health including:  
  •     toxic or hazardous materials
  •     hazardous work processes
  •     unsafe work practices
  •     hazardous equipment
  •     unstable personnel
  •     potential harm in a medical setting:
  •     blood
  •     breakage / spillage
  •     drug hold-ups
  •     needle sticks
  •     medical emergencies (eg. Falls, bleeding, seizures, fainting, collapses, panic attack, psychosis)
  •     spread of infection
  •     potential sources of infection:
  •     breakages
  •     contaminated waste
  •     patients with colds, flu and other infectious diseases
  •     sharps (eg. needles, scalpel blades)
  •     spillage
  •     used dressings, bandages and equipment
  •     unsterilised/poorly sterilised equipment and work surfaces
  •     unwashed hands

Risk is:    

  •     the chance of something occurring that will result in injury or damage

Emergency incidents may include:    

  •     accidents
  •     emergency situations
  •     fire
  •     flood
  •     sudden illness
  •     incidents
  •     external threats

Evidence Guide

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit    
Evidence of the following is essential:

  •     accurately following all relevant safety procedures
  •     identifying and reporting hazards to designated personnel
  •     knowledge of relevant health and safety legislation
  •     knowledge of relevant materials, equipment and work processes.

Context of and specific resources for assessment    
Assessment must ensure:

  •     safety processes, hazards and risk are relevant to the area of work

Method of assessment    
A range of assessment methods should be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. The following examples are appropriate for this unit:

  •     analysis of responses to case studies and scenarios
  •     demonstration of techniques
  •     direct questioning combined with review of portfolios of evidence and third party workplace reports of on-the-job performance by the candidate
  •     review of documentation identifying and reporting emergency incidents

Guidance information for assessment    
Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended, for example:

  •     other units related to the work environment